The Development Bank of Ethiopia (DBE) uses the 5Cs to evaluate loans for applicants.
Capital reefers to the applicant’s financial strength as evidenced by its ownership position. The data obtained from the applicant’s financial statements is considered by the credit analyst.
The bank primarily assesses the customer’s financial stability. It is assumed that if a customer covers the majority of the project costs, the applicant will be highly committed to the business/success. project’s The bank can assess not only the applicant’s contribution to the project, but also his or her alternative sources of capital for repaying the loan in the event of a default?
It has to do with the applicant’s ability to repay the credit requested. There are two aspects to this dimension: management’s ability to run the business and the applicant’s plant’s physical capacity.
The borrower’s ability to manage his/ her business is a critical factor in approving a loan. The bank looks at the applicant’s educational level and type, as well as his/her experience as an entrepreneur or employee, to determine his capacity to manage his business.
Collateral refers to the amount of assets an applicant has available for use in securing credit. If an applicant defaults, the greater the amount of available assets, the more likely a trade creditor will be able to recover its funds.
The purpose of the advance loan is to allow the customer to conduct his or her business to a higher standard and achieve a higher value for himself or herself – profit, as well as to allow him or her to repay the loan within the agreed time frame. Things, on the other hand, do not always go as planned. The company may declare bankruptcy, and the loan will remain unpaid. As a result, in order to ensure that the loan is repaid, the banker requires customers to provide adequate collateral/security. If the loan is not repaid as agreed, the bank may sell or auction the property and use the proceeds to pay off the outstanding debt. The purpose of the collateral for the banker, however, is not to dissolve the owner through outright sale.
To assess the applicant’s character, the applicant’s track record of meeting past obligations or payment history, as well as any pending or resolved legal judgments against it, would be used. The credit analyst considers all of the information that relates to the willingness to pay debts when assessing character. As an example, Is the customer dependable? Is the customer willing to repay the loan according to the contract? Is he/her willing to use the fund advanced for the right purpose that the customer applied for?
The present economic and business climate, as well as any special conditions affecting either party to the credit transaction, are all factors to consider. To analyze conditions, an analysis of general economic and business situations, as well as unique variables that may affect the applicant or enterprise, is carried out.
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