Ethiopia Health Care grew by 13% in 2020/21 FY. This figure is one of the fastest rates of growth last year recorded among the major GDP components, based on a recent study.
Other major GDP components that experienced the fastest growth rates last year were:
- Banking – up 9%
- Transportation/communications – up 7%
- Construction – up 7%
According to Cepheus study, mining was the leading-fastest growing sub-sector both last year and over the previous five years, despite its extremely small initial base which is less than 1 percent of total GDP.
“Given the recent pattern of growth rates, the construction sector is now just as large as the crop sector (both at 21 percent of GDP), followed by wholesale/retail trade (14 percent), livestock (8 percent), transportation and communications (5 percent), and manufacturing (5 percent) (5 percent).”Cepheus, 2022
Ethiopia has a large rural and subsistence agriculture population with limited access to safe drinking water, housing, sanitation, food, and health care. The government has made substantial investments in the public health sector, which has resulted in improved health outcomes.
According to the International Trade Administration Bureau of the United States, the Ethiopia Food and Drug Authority (EFDA) is being strengthened to provide increased regulatory oversight for the registration, importation, and quality of medicines, supplies, and equipment into the Ethiopian market.
For medicine registration and licensing activities, the EFDA is currently implementing a “zero backlogs” strategy. EFDA has digitized the importation and registration of health commodities into Ethiopia by utilizing the programs listed below:
- i-Register: is used by importers for application of market authorization and product registration (new products, request registration exceptions and renew existing registrations).
- i-Import: is an online application used by importers to apply for and receive permits to import all health commodities. Ethiopia Pharmaceuticals Supplies Agency (EPSA) also has access to this application as they are participating in procurement activities.
- i-Verify, an app-based health products tracker, provides regulators as well as public users with real-time visibility into movement of health commodities and products from manufacturer to the point of issue.
The following health care facilities are available in Ethiopia (International Trade Administration Bureau of the United States, 2021)
- Health Posts: 17,550 available and 425 under construction
- Health Centers: 3,735 available and 96 under construction
- Hospitals: 353 available and 107 under construction
- Private Clinics: 3,867
- Private Hospitals: 43
The Government of Ethiopia is keen to acquire services, equipment, supplies, information management systems, and knowledge and skill transfers to improve the quality of the healthcare system. This is an opportunity for foreign companies that are providing equipment and supplies, hospital furniture, ambulances for emergency, pharmaceuticals, vaccinations and other services.
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