A recent study out of Australia, published in Animals, has analyzed data from 35 countries to see which ones have increased or decreased their consumption of meat from 2000 to 2019.
The study’s results reveal that many countries may have reached peak meat consumption. Moreover, there is also proof of continued consumption increase in many of the emerging economy nations. They found a direct link between rising consumption and increased wealth in emerging economies, but no relationship in the higher income countries.
The study majorly revealed that global beef consumption between 2000 and 2019 dropped by 3.9% from 22.8% to 18.9%. Consumption of beef only increased in Ethiopia, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Turkey and Vietnam. In seven countries (including China, Indonesia, Pakistan, and UK), no change in the proportion of beef to total meat consumption was observed.
Between 2000 and 2019, there were major changes in meat consumption across the globe. In 2019, poultry was the most popular meat globally speaking, followed by pork, beef, and then sheep and goat meat.
In most of the countries studied (26 of 35), total meat consumption per capita increased significantly over time, with the most substantial increases observed in Russia, Vietnam and Peru.
A slight decrease in per capita poultry consumption was observed in Ethiopia, Nigeria, and Paraguay, while no trend was observed in Israel and Thailand.
Particularly, Ethiopia and India consume less than 5 kg/capita/year meat. Australia and USA notably consume high as 100 kg/capita/year meat), which equates to 25 kg protein, higher than the recommended dietary intake for protein. Based on the study, decrease in per capita meat consumption in Nigeria and Ethiopia is driven by population growth with meat consumed only on special occasions.
Are We Approaching Peak Meat Consumption? Analysis of Meat Consumption from 2000 to 2019 in 35 Countries and Its Relationship to Gross Domestic Product
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