The second 230 kV transmission interconnection project, aiming to enhance cross-border trade electricity in the Horn of Africa, was approved on 07 Jul 2021 and expected to be completed in 48 months by two grant loans worth $83.6 million from African Development Bank.
Currently, electricity imported from Ethiopia accounts about 70% of Djibouti’s entire power demands. According to official data, since Ethiopia started exporting electricity to Djibouti, the horn of Africa’s nation has earned about $ 275 million in revenue. Last year, Ethiopia earned $66.4 million from electric energy exports to Sudan and Djibouti.
Out of the total revenue, $ 29.3 million has been gained from Sudan while the remaining $ 37.1 million from Djibouti.
The 1st Ethiopia-Djibouti Interconnection project has been operational for the last 10 years and the power exchange between the two countries also increased within the same period from 155 GWh in 2011 to 532 GWh in 2020.
Ethiopia-Djibouti 230 kV second transmission interconnection from Semera (Ethiopia) to Nagad (Djibouti) is the best option to increase by more than 30% the clean and relatively cheaper power supply to Djibouti and allow Ethiopia to increase foreign exchange revenue from power trade while reducing the amount of fossil fuelgenerated electricity in Djibouti.
This project involves
- The construction of 230 kV double circuit Transmission Line from Semera (Ethiopia) to Nagad (Djibouti). The line length is 292 km (102 km in Ethiopia and 190 km in Djibouti). Each circuit will have a rated power transfer capacity of 160 MW
- An extension of the existing Semera 230 kV Substation (Ethiopia) and extension of 230/63/20 kV substation at Nagad (Djibouti.
- Strengthening of the existing 230 Kv transmission line between Kombolcha-Mile to Semera, 170 km long; and construction of 230 kV new substation at Mile and extension of Kombolocha and Semera existing 230 kV substations (Ethiopia)
- Last mile connection in Djibouti
- Technical Assistance and Capacity Building on Master Plan study and Power Trade Agreements and creating strong trading units in EEP (« Ethiopian Electric Power ») and EdD (« Electricite de Djibouti »).
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